Symptoms of Vitiligo
The disease can start at any age, mostly after 20 years. The most noticeable symptom of Vitiligo that you might notice earliest is appearance of flat white patches over particular skin areas. Areas exposed to sun are usually first to get such patches. The spot starts as a pale area which gradually turns absolutely white. It is usually not associated with any kind of pain, itching or dryness. You will also notice that affected areas are more photos-sensitive as compared to the rest of the skin. The extent and speed of spread is mostly unpredictable. Contrary to normal belief, you will be surprised to know that the disease is not at all contagious!
What are the most common causes of Vitiligo?
Although the exact cause is unknown, the commonest causes might include:
• Auto-immune response in which the immune system becomes hyper-reactive and causes damage to melanocytes.
• Hereditary causes
• Severe sunburn or cut that harms the skin
• Response to stress
What are the Best Treatment options?
Now, you do not need to feel embarrassed because of your patchy skin. Laser treatment for Vitiligo has brought new hope for patients who have been suffering from this long term disease. Laser has proved its worth in the field of Vitiligo treatment. Excimer laser is the best choice of expert dermatologists because it gives highly satisfying results in clearing pigmented skin. The pigment which is lost in Vitiligo is effectively re-developed causing re-pigmentation. The patients can notice patches reducing in size within weeks of treatment.
The excimer laser delivers Ultra Violet B radiations to the skin. This stimulates the pigment producing cells in the deep layers of the skin. The laser beam penetrates deep within the dermis and meets the surviving cells in the Vitiligo patchy area. Thus, it boosts the process of re-pigmentation and results in meaningful cosmetic gains on the face. Repeated treatments can give you best results and you can achieve desired skin complexion quite fast!
There are other methods like complete de-pigmentation and topical treatments but out of all, laser treatment is one of the most effective ways to reduce the spots.